Invited speaker
Natalya Gennad’evna

Academic Degree:  PhD in Art History

Academic Title:  Assistant Professor

Country:  Russia

City:  Moscow

Affilation:  Chair «Design of Architectural Environment», Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy)

Brief biography:  Member of the Union of Artists of Russia (since 2004); Member of the Creative Union of Artists of Russia (since 2002); Member of the International Association of Artists of UNESCO. Author of more than 30 researches and 6 personal exhibitions.

Brief paper description: 

The author discusses the role of color theory in color design, as well as the application of theoretical and practical foundations of architectural coloristics in architectural design.

Color is one of the most important artistic means that affects the ability to organize an architectural form plastically. Successive development of the color theory, its transformation taking into account the latest searches in color design, the interaction of traditional and new, undoubtedly represent one of the urgent problems of modern architectural theory. Referring to the discoveries in color theory, significant and bright periods in science, education, art and architecture of the 20th century, which influenced the formation of a unified international art space, allows us to consider color through the prism of problems of design and it's an important aspect of scientific researches nowadays. Color Science currently includes two main sections: color theory and color design. In the context of this research, color design is the Science of Color in the environment, which has significantly expanded the scope of traditional color theory on the one hand, and on the other – the color environment itself (natural or man-made). Color design synthesizes the experience of scholars who study the physical nature of color, the psychology of its perception, the basics of color harmony, knowledges of color theories, systems and discoveries of plastic arts masters. Architectural colorisctics is an integral part of architectural creativity studying the mechanism of color influence on spatial design, means and methods of color organization of the architectural environment. Knowing the basics of architectural coloristics has a positive effect on the formation of a comfortable, informative and aesthetically perfect architectural environment. It helps to avoid annoying verbosity of motley or monotony in an architectural environment that is devoid of expressiveness, and achieve the highest artistic effect. This is the main professional task of specialists in architectural color design.
The report analyses the mechanisms of design using polychromy, the possibility of creating a visual sense of a new form and the ability of color to organize it plastically in different ways on the example of the discipline "Architectural coloristics", which is taught to students of all branches of studying at Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy). This discipline is aimed at forming an exhaustive knowledge of color as an organic component of the architectural environment for student, as a future professional in the sphere of architecture, and also develops coloristic thinking and the ability to reflect professional design, using the laws of color theory. The author explores the factors that most influence the process of creating a three-dimensional form, revealing in detail the phenomenon of chromatic stereoscopy and such properties of the form as size, geometrical type, mass, texture, etc.
The author of the report has been working for many years at Moscow Institute of Architecture on issues of color theory and color design. The practice of referring to this topics has formed a fundamental basis in the educational process for studying the problems of the influence of polychromy on the design and architect art-project activity. There is no doubt that the study of discoveries in the color theory in art and architecture of the 20th - first third of the 21st centuries, gives future architects one of the significant basis in solving modern problems for architectural design and integral architectural environment formation.