Invited speaker
...
Andrey Vladimirovich
Efimov
...
Russia

Academic Degree:  Dr. Arch.

Academic Title:  Professor

Country:  Russia

City:  Moscow

Affilation:  Moscow Institute of Architecture (State Academy)

Position:  Head of the Department of the Architectural Environment Design

Brief biography:  Honorary Member of the Russian Academy of Arts. Author of more than 100 publications in Russia and abroad, including 2 monographs. The winner of the State Prize of the Russian Federation.

Brief paper description: 

The author discusses the role of the color at formation of urban color environment.
Color appeared in the man-made environment as internal and external spaces were developed. The color of prehistoric structures remained a passive satellite of the construction process. The predominance of one material led to monochromy as the simplest color expression of architecture. However, in the color differences of the material, polychromy was born, which still remained passive, since it was not the result of professional action. Active polychromy appears as a result of a creative act and as a tool of giving a new visual image to the construction.
Coloristics of the city is a coherent color set of the natural and artificial environment, which forms a movable color-spatial field that a person forms in accordance with their needs. Сoloristics of the city is characterized by structure – connections and construction of color masses, chromatic content – color palette and dynamics – measure of mobility of the a structure and palette in space and time. Сoloristics of the city actually performs utilitarian and artistic-aesthetic functions. Many factors dictate its formation: natural and climatic features, morphology of architectural and urban planning forms, color culture of citizens, etc. The development of color culture is associated with the improvement of color harmonization tools based on modern color systems, NCS, etc.
Since coloristics of the city is considered as a phenomenon caused by the natural features of the region and socio-cultural processes, it’s useful to consider the combination of all these external factors as a kind of space-time context that brings to life a certain color field, perceived as a specific color environment. The urban body accumulates the achievements of color culture, which is becoming ever more important due to increasing intensification of the use of urban space, its polyfunctionality.
The world experience of the formation of urban color environment and the outlined urban color theory allows us to interpret the activity of architect-colorist as a necessary component of the architectural and urban planning design system.